Praia do Pinho - History of Naturism

History of Naturism

Nudity is embedded in the historical context of humanity and was seen and treated naturally. You can see nudity in several historical passages. A good example is the Bible describing: "Adam and Eve lived in paradise: and they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed" (Genesis 2:25).

In ancient Greece in the eighth century BC, the sports were practiced by stripped men, and during the Roman Empire, from centuries II to IV, everyone, without distinction of sex or social class, used to bath nude in public baths. In the Renaissance period is the presence of naked bodies in painting, sculpture and beautiful frescoes and the thousands of church walls. Everything was very natural.

In art, nudity has always been present as a representation of strength, freedom, poetry, sensuality, motherhood and expression, not only carnal, but spiritual of the human being. Throughout the time, the concept of nakedness was transformed and began to relate to shame and taboo.

You can find reports of nudist practices until the middle of the sixteenth century. But with the growing influence of Christian religions, the nudity was condemned and excluded from society, thus gaining connotations that differ from the natural and being related to malice and perversion.

The cult to nudity as a philosophy of life related to naturism started in Germany and it was this initiative that paved the way for the millions who practice nudism today in many continents such as Europe, America, Asia ... Germany remains the driving force in the movement and has thousands of active practitioners, being among the countries that practice the philosophy in the world.

It is believed that at the beginning of the twentieth century came the modern naturism. In 1903, German Richard Ungewitter published the book "The Nude", the first author to write about the fundamentals of natural movement. In Berlin, Germany, Adolf Koch, a professor who taught in a working class neighborhood with his students began the practice of physical exercise outdoors and completely naked, with the aim of promoting better health. It was noted that students were more colored, healthy and happy. Satisfied, the parents were excited and also adopted the practice. The movement, initially called Nudism, grew and was named after Frei Körper Kultur - FKK, which means the Free Body Worship. The name Naturism appears only after the 50's.

In 1906, in Germany comes the first official field for practice, plus practice exercises naked, feeding was based on vegetarianism. In the following years, the movement begins to spread across Europe, winning many fans. In this period there is the Isle of Levant, France, founded in 1926 by doctors and brothers Duvalier, where he practiced heliotherapy (treatment of diseases by sunlight) as a method of healing.

It was after World War II that naturism also begins to be widespread in the United States and with fans all around the world. With the expansion of the practice in 1953, in Montalivet in France, it had been established the International Naturist Federation - INF in order to defend the interests of those who practice this philosophy of life.

Currently, France is the country where naturism is more widespread. It has about 150 beaches, 320 clubs, several magazines and publications on the subject and it is estimated that there are 10 million French naturalists.

PEREIRA, Paulo. Corpos nus: o testemunho naturista.
2.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Leymare 2000.

ROSSI, Celso. Naturismo: a redescoberta do homem.
2.ed. Porto Alegre: Magister, 2007.

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