By the year 1500, Brazil was inhabited by naturists, both in the aspect of being eco-friendly and due to their natural attitude towards nudity. Naturism happened even before the discovery, because the country was inhabited by Indians who were naked and not ashamed of their bodies, since clothes were irrelevant when you looked at the inside of people, respect for nature and enjoyed the quality of life it gave them.
The Portuguese colonizers and the church did not respect the way of life, culture and language of indigenous peoples. They dressed and catechized them, and eventually spoiling the influence of Brazilian cultural heritage. Until 1945 the Brazilian government promoted this "civilization" of indigenous. Few tribes managed to conserve part of their culture.
When speaking of the beginning of naturism in Brazil, it is highlighted as a pioneer the naturist dancer Dora Vivacqua, better known by her stage name Luz Del Fuego, who was a woman ahead of her time who did not fit to any standard and not allow anyone to interfere in your life. She struggled to be authentic, loved animals, nature, and walking around naked. Even misunderstood, she did not stop fighting for her ideals. So, she led the Naturist movement in Brazil.
With the end of World War II, numerous political parties, among them the "Brazilian Naturist Party," created in 1949 by Luz Del Fuego. The main purpose was to promote the party nudist ideals. Around the same time she also created a naturist club which she called Ilha do Sol, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, and grew to about two hundred members from around the world. On the island, the nudity was compulsory, with healthy activities like hiking, swimming and sunbathing, the place came to be visited by national and international celebrities.
In 1954, Luz Del Fuego also created in Rio de Janeiro "the Brazilian Naturist Club," which was intended to encourage the practice of naturism under strict hygiene and moral principles. The FNI naturist group officially recognized the Brazilian in 1965, when he published an annual guide to your note about the "International Naturist Society in Brazil - FNIB", the first name of the Brazilian Federation of Naturism.
When the military took power in the country in 1964, a right-wing government was created, with a total ban on public rights. All political parties were outlawed and public meetings were controlled by the army. The Brazilian Naturist Club continued to exist, but the repression drove their patrons. Over the years, the group that attended the Ilha do Sol was being scattered and few visitors came. Age was advancing and Luz went through many difficulties, and in 1967, died murdered with her home keeper Edgar.
With the death of Luz Del Fuego and the harsh repression of the military dictatorship, the naturist movement was losing its strength. A few practiced nudism in their homes and private properties and others met in secret during the 70s at beaches like Abricó and Olho de Boi, in Rio de Janeiro, and Ubatuba, in Sao Paulo. In the early 80s there were the first evidence of the practice in Pinho Beach in Santa Catarina.
At this time the philosophy was given great prominence in the media and became known for thousands of Brazilians. Today, highly spread, naturism has over 30 affiliated entities with the FBrN - Brazilian Federation of Naturism and already characterized as a mature movement with great growth potential.
PEREIRA, Paulo. Corpos nus: o testemunho naturista.
2.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Leymare 2000.
ROSSI, Celso. Naturismo: a redescoberta do homem.
2.ed. Porto Alegre: Magister, 2007.